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Gilles Deleuze  - Quotes

All societies are rational and irrational at the same time. They are perforce rational in their mechanisms, their cogs and wheels, their connecting systems, and even by the place they assign to the irrational. Yet all this presuposes codes or axioms which are not the products of chance, but which are not intrinsically rational either.
Deleuze, Gilles. “Capitalism: A Very Special Delirium” in Chaosophy. Ed.. Autonomedia/Semiotexte. Ed. Sylvere Lothringer. 1995.

A "disinterested" love for the oppressive machine: Nietzsche said some beautiful things about this permanent triumph of slaves, on how the embittered, the depressed and the weak, impose their mode of life upon us all.
Deleuze, Gilles. “Capitalism: A Very Special Delirium” in Chaosophy. Ed.. Autonomedia/Semiotexte. Ed. Sylvere Lothringer. 1995.

The problem of education is not an ideological problem, but a problem of the organization of power: it is the specificity of educational power that makes it appear to be an ideology, but it's pure illusion. Power in the primary schools, that means something, it affects all children. Second example: Christianity. The church is perfectly pleased to be treated as an ideology. This can be argued; it feeds ecumenism. But Christianity has never been an ideology.
Deleuze, Gilles. “Capitalism: A Very Special Delirium” in Chaosophy. Ed.. Autonomedia/Semiotexte. Ed. Sylvere Lothringer. 1995.

The socio-technological study of the mechanisms of control, grasped at their inception, would have to be categorical and to describe what is already in the process of substitution for the disciplinary sites of enclosure, whose crisis is everywhere proclaimed. It may be that older methods, borrowed from the former societies of sovereignty, will return to the fore, but with the necessary modifications.
Deleuze, Gilles. "Postscript on the Societies of Control." in: October. Vol. 59, Winter 1992, pp. 3-7 MIT Press. 1992.

Difference is light, aerial and affirmative.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

Oppose repetition not only to the generalities of habit but also to the particularities of memory. For it is perhaps habit which manages to ‘draw’ something new from a repetition contemplated from without.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

To affirm is not to bear but, on the contrary, to discharge and to lighten.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

Representation fails to capture the affirmed world of difference.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

For if being, as being, is univocal in itself, it is not ‘analagous’ in relation to its intrinsic modes or individuating factors.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

Univocal being is at one and the same time nomadic distribution and crowned anarchy.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

What is recognized is not only an object but also the values attached to the object (values play a crucial role in the distribution undertaken to make good sense).
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

Artificial signs imply active synthesis – that is to say, the passage from spontaneous imagination to the active faculties of reflective representation, memory and intelligence.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. 1968.
Deleuze, Gilles. Différence et répétition. Presses Universitaires de France. September 1, 2000. Paperback, 416 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2130455166.
Deleuze, Gilles and Paul Patton (Translator). Difference and Repetition. Continuum. November 12, 2004. Paperback, 374 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0485113600.

We will never find the sense of something (of a human, a biological or even a physical phenomenon) if we do not know the force which appropriates the thing, which exploits it, which takes possession of it or is expressed in it.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Difference is the object of a practical affirmation inseparable from essence and constitutive of existence. Nietzsche's "yes" is opposed to the dialectical "no"; affirmation to dialectical negation; difference to dialectical contradiction; joy, enjoyment, to dialectical labour; lightness, dance, to dialectical responsibilities.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Nietzsche shows that what is negative in the master is always a secondary and derivative product of his exis- tence. Moreover the relation of master and slave is not, in itself, dialectical. Who is the dialectician, who dialectics the relationship? It is the slave, the slave's perspective, the way of thinking belonging to the slave's perspective. The famous dialectical aspect of the master- slave relationship depends on the fact that power is conceived not as will to power but as representation of power, representation of superiority, recognition by "the one" of the superiority of "the other".
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

For Christianity the fact of suffering in life means primarily that life is not just, that it is even essentially unjust, that it pays for an essential injustice by suffering, it is blameworthy because it suffers. The result of this is that life must be justified, that is to say, redeemed of its injustice or saved. Saved by that suffering which a little while ago accused it: it must suffer since it is blameworthy. These two aspects of Christianity form what Nietzsche calls "bad conscience" or the internalisation of pain.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Dialectics in general are not a tragic vision of the world but, on the contrary, the death of tragedy, the replacement of the tragic vision by a theoretical conception (with Socrates) or a Christian conception (with Hegel). What has been discovered in Hegel's early writings is in fact the final truth of the dialectic: modern dialectic is the truly Christian ideology.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

A god was needed to interpret existence. It was necessary to accuse life in order to redeem it, to redeem it in order to justify it. Existence was evaluated but always from the standpoint of bad conscience. This is the Christian inspiration which compromises philosophy as a whole. Hegel interprets existence from the standpoint of the unhappy consciousness but the unhappy consciousness is only the Hegelian version of the bad conscience. Even Schopenhauer . . . Schopenhauer made the question of existence or justice reverberate as never before, but he found, in suffering, a way of denying life and, in the negation of life, the only way of justifying it.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

In comparison with Christianity the Greeks are children. Their way of depreciating existence, their "nihilism", does not have the perfec- tion of the Christian way. They judged existence blameworthy but they had not yet invented the refinement which consists in judging it faulty and responsible.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Philosophy does not serve the State or the Church, who have other concerns. It serves no established power. The use of philosophy is to sadden. A philosophy that saddens no one, that annoys no one, is not a philosophy. It is useful for harming stupidity, for turning stupidity into something shameful.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Philosophy is at its most positive as critique, as an enterprise of demystification. And we should not be too hasty in proclaiming philosophy's failure in this respect. Great as they are, stupidity and baseness would be still greater if there did not remain some philosophy which always prevents them from going as far as they would wish, which forbids them — if only by yea-saying — from being as stupid and base as they would wish. They are forbidden certain excesses, but only by philosophy.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

The philosopher-comets knew how to make pluralism an art of thinking, a critical art.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Philosophy since Hegel appears as a bizarre mixture of ontology and anthropology, metaphysics and humanism, theology and atheism, theology of bad conscience and atheism of ressentiment. For, insofar as affirmation is presented as a function of being, man himself appears as the functionary of affirmation: being is affirmed in man at the same time as man affirms being…Once again, and for the last time, there is no difficulty in identifying Nietzsche's enemy: it is the dialectic which confuses affirmation with the truthfulness of truth or the positivity of the real; and this truthfulness, this positivity, are primarily manufactured by the dialectic itself with the products of the negative.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

Becoming is being, multiplicity is unity, chance is necessity.
Deleuze, Gilles. Nietzsche et la philosophie. Presses universitaires de France Vendôme. 1962. Paperback, 233 pages, Language French, ASIN: B0014XAK6Q.
Deleuze, Gilles and Hugh Tomlinson (Translator) and Michael Hardt (Forward). Nietzsche and Philosophy. Columbia University Press. June 1, 2006. Paperback, 256 pages, Language English, ISBN: 0231138776.

There is no difference between what a book talks about and how it is made. Therefore a book also has no object. As an assemblage, a book has only itself, in connection with other assemblages and in relation to other bodies without organs. We will never ask what a book means, as signified or signifier; we will not look for anything to understand in it.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

The role of the refrain has often been emphasized: it is territorial, a territorial assemblage.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

Nevertheless, everything important that has happened or is happening takes the route of the American rhizome: the beatniks, the underground, bands and gangs, successive lateral offshoots in immediate connection with an outside.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

The desert is populous. Thus the body without organs is opposed less to organs as such than to the organization of the organs insofar as it composes an organism. The body without organs is not a dead body but a living body all the more alive and teeming once it has blown apart the organism and its organization. Lice hopping on the beach. Skin colonies. The full body without organs is a body populated by multiplicities.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

Instead of a rigid line composed of well-determined segments, telegraphy now forms a supple flow marked by quanta that are like so many little segmentations-in-progress grasped at the moment of their birth, as on a moonbeam, or on an intensive scale.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

More generally, linguistics can tolerate no polyvocality or rhizome traits: a child who runs around, plays, dances, and draws cannot concentrate attention on language and writing, and will never be a good subject. In short, the new semiotic needs systematically to destroy the whole range of primitive semiotic systems, even if it retains some of their debris in well-defined enclosures.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

If you free it with too violent an action, if you blow apart the strata without taking precautions, then instead of drawing the plane you will be killed, plunged into a black hole, or even dragged toward catastrophe. Staying stratified—organized, signified, subjected— is not the worst that can happen; the worst that can happen is if you throw the strata into demented or suicidal collapse, which brings them back down on us heavier than ever. This is how it should be done: Lodge yourself on a stratum, experiment with the opportunities it offers, find an advantageous place on it, find potential movements of deterritorialization, possible lines of flight, experience them, produce flow conjunctions here and there, try out continuums of intensities segment by segment, have a small plot of new land at all times.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

Dismantling the organism has never meant killing yourself, but rather opening the body to connections that presuppose an entire assemblage, circuits, conjunctions, levels and thresholds, passages and distributions of intensity, and territories and deterritorializations measured with the craft of a surveyor. Actually, dismantling the organism is no more difficult than dismantling the other two strata, signifiance and subjectification.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

Every consciousness pursues its own death, every love-passion its own end, attracted by a black hole, and all the black holes resonate together.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.

The most essential distinction between the signifying regime and the subjective regime and their respective redundancies is the movement of deterritorialization they effectuate.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. Capitalisme et Schizophrénie, tome 2: Mille Plateaux. Editions de Minuit. October 1, 1980. Paperback, 645 pages, Language French, ISBN: 2707303070.
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari and Brian Massumi (Translator). A Thousand Plateaus. University of Minnesota Press. December 1987. Paperback, 610 pages, Language English, ISBN:0816614024.