Bracha Ettinger - Biography
Bracha L. Ettinger, Ph.D., is the Marcel Duchamp Chair & Professor of Psychoanalysis and Art at the European Graduate School EGS, artist, senior clinical psychologist, practising psychoanalyst, and groundbreaking theoretician working at the intersection of feminine sexuality, psychoanalysis, and aesthetics. Her approach significantly extends the work of contemporary philosophers and psychoanalysts such as Emmanuel Levinas, Jean-Francois Lyotard, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, and Jacques Lacan, and challenges the works of Julia Kristeva and Luce Irigaray.
Bracha Ettinger received her Ph.D. in Aesthetics of Visual Arts from the University of Paris VIII, a DEA in Psychoanalysis from the University of Paris VII, and an MA in Clinical Psychology from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Bracha Ettinger was a Visiting Professor (1997–98) and then Research Professor in Psychoanalysis and Aesthetics (January 1999–December 2004) at the School of Fine Art, History of Art and Cultural Studies, University of Leeds. Since 2001 she has also been Visiting Professor in Psychoanalysis and Aesthetics at the AHRC Centre for Cultural Analysis, Theory and History (now CentreCATH), University of Leeds, of which she was a founding member. Bracha Ettinger was also a lecturer at the Bezalel Art Academy in Jerusalem (2003–6).
Bracha L. Ettinger has been forging for the last twenty years a new 'matrixial' theory and language with major aesthetical, analytic, ethical and political implications. Bracha Ettinger’s ideas offer the hope that identities might not have to be achieved either sacrificially or at someone else’s expense. Articulating the feminine, maternal and womb, the prematernal, presubject, trans-subjectivity, coemergence as pregnancy, wit(h)nessing and transference as reciprocal yet a-symmetrical co-birthing, her approach implicitly questions the necessity of Kristeva's sacrificial social contract, at the same time as she urges us to rethink the opening of a new ethical horizon via concepts such as trans-subjective com-passion, primary compassion and fascinance, claiming archaic 'aesthetic' mental-psychic apprehension of the other and of the world as proto-ethical.
The infant-m/Other transconnectivity includes other non-I(s) right from the start. Working through 'borderlinking' in trans-subjective webs is neither symbiotic nor Oedipal. It brings about subjectivizing moments and actualizes human creative and ethical potentialities. A collection of Bracha Ettinger's essays has been published as The Matrixial Borderspace (2006). Bracha Ettinger's artworks, mainly paintings, drawing, artist's books and photographs have been presented in major museums of contemporary art including:
The Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp [Gorge(l), 2006-2007]; Kiasma Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki (ARS 06 Biennale, 2006); Gothenburg Museum of Art (Aletheia, 2003); Villa Medici, Rome, (Memory, 1999); Israel Museum, Jerusalem [Voices from Here and There (Mar'ee Makom, Mar'ee Adam), 1999], (Routes of Wandering, 1992); Haifa Museum & Theater [Women Artists in Israeli Art (the Ninties), 1998]; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (Kabinet, 1997); The Pompidou Centre (Face à l'Histoire, 1997); Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney (Body, 1997); Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth (Inside the Visible, 1997); Museum for Israeli Art, Ramat-Gan (Oh Mama, 1997); Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) Boston, (Inside the Visible, 1997); National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, (Inside the Visible, 1997); Whitechapel Gallery, London (Inside the Visible, 1996); Tel Aviv Museum of Art (Israeli Art Now, 1991; Feminine Presence, 1990); With Solo exhibitions at: Lokaal 01, Antwerp. ThRu1 Virtual exhibition (2007); Gerwood Gallery, Oxford University, Oxford (2003); La librairie, Les Abattoirs, Toulouse (2003. Maison de France, Hebrew University, Jerusalem. The Drawing Center, NY (2001); Centre for Fine Arts (The Palais des Beaux Arts), Brussels (2000); Pori Art Museum, Finland (1996), (with Sergei 'Africa' Bugayev); Israel Museum, Jerusalem (1995); The Leeds Metropolitan University Gallery, Leeds (1994); Kanaal Art Fondation, Béguinage, Kortrijk (1994), (with Nancy Spero); The Museum of Modern Art (MOMA), Oxford (1993); Galerie d'Art Contemporain du Centre Saint-Vincent, Herblay (1993); The Russian Ethnography Museum in St. Petersburg, Russia (1993); Le Nouveau Muséem, IAC - Institut d'art contemporain, Villeurbanne (1992); Goethe Institute, Paris (1990); Musée des Beaux-Arts et de la Dentelle de Calais, Calais (1988); Moltkerei Werkstatt, Köln. The Pompidou Centre, Paris (1987).